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Description

This course is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the biology of plants, from their molecular and cellular processes to their ecological roles in ecosystems. Students will explore the structure and function of plant cells, tissues, and organs, as well as the interactions between plants and their environment.

The course will begin with an introduction to plant anatomy and physiology, including topics such as photosynthesis, respiration, water and nutrient transport, and plant growth and development. Students will learn about the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes and how they are regulated by environmental cues.

Next, the course will delve into plant genetics and genomics, exploring the mechanisms of inheritance, gene expression, and genetic engineering. Students will also learn about the evolutionary history of plants and the diversity of plant species.

The course will then move on to explore plant ecology, including the roles of plants in ecosystems, their interactions with other organisms, and their responses to environmental stressors such as climate change.

Throughout the course, students will have opportunities to apply their knowledge through hands-on laboratory exercises, including plant growth experiments, microscopy, and genetic analyses. Students will also develop critical thinking skills through discussion of current research in plant biology.

Overall, this course will provide students with a thorough understanding of the biology of plants, preparing them for careers in fields such as agriculture, ecology, biotechnology, and environmental science.

Course Content

Total: 77 lectures
  • What is a plant?
  • The plant cell
  • The cell wall
  • Plastids and mitochondria
  • Membranes
  • Nucleus and genome
  • Cell division
  • Meristems and primary tissues
  • Roots
  • Herbaceous stems and primary growth
  • Woody stems and secondary growth
  • Leaves
  • The flower
  • Pollen and ovules
  • The seed
  • Fruits
  • Arabidopsis and other model plant
  • Methods in experimental plant science
  • Features of growth and development
  • Biochemistry of growth regulation
  • Molecular action of hormones and intracellular messengers
  • Phytochrome, photoperiodism and photomorphogenesis
  • Tropisms
  • Nastic responses
  • Abscission
  • Stress avoidance and adaptation
  • Physiology of floral initiation and development
  • Breeding systems
  • Self incompatibility
  • Seed development, dormancy and germination
  • Plants and water
  • Water retention and stomata
  • Movement of nutrient ions across membranes
  • Uptake of mineral nutrients by plants
  • Functions of mineral nutrients
  • Photosynthetic pigments and the nature of light
  • Major reactions of photosynthesis
  • C3 and C4 plants and CAM
  • Respiration and carbohydrate metabolism
  • Amino acid, lipid, polysaccharide and secondary product metabolism
  • Physical factors and plant distribution
  • Plant communities
  • Ecology of different growth forms
  • Populations
  • Contributions to carbon balance and atmosphere
  • Ecology of flowering and pollination
  • Seed ecology
  • Regeneration and establishment
  • Polymorphisms and population genetics
  • Mycorrhiza
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Interactions between plants and animals
  • Fungal pathogens and endophytes
  • Bacteria, mycoplasma, viruses and heterokonts
  • Parasites and saprophytes
  • Carnivorous plants
  • Plants as food
  • Plants for construction
  • Plants in medicine
  • Plants for other uses
  • Bioremediation
  • Plant breeding
  • Plant cell and tissue culture
  • Plant genetic engineering
  • Diversity and life cycles
  • The algae
  • The bryophytes
  • Reproduction in bryophytes
  • Early evolution of vascular plants
  • Clubmosses and horsetails
  • The ferns
  • Evolution of the seed
  • Early seed plants
  • Conifers
  • Cycads, gingko and Gnetales
  • Evolution of flowering plants
  • Mechanisms of evolution

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